CHARLES EMILE JACQUE (FRENCH, 1813-1894) “SHEEP IN THE STABLE"
In oil on panel, signed lower left Ch. Jacque; in period giltwood frame lining
Item # 806KHQ24P
An artist that achieved great success during his lifetime both as an engraver and as a painter of animals, Charles Emilé Jacque was a true Barbizon painter in every sense of the School. A distinct departure from the more academic Romantic work of most animal painters during his day, Charles painted his sheep with total realism of circumstance: chaotic flocks in rustic barns, sheep scattered amongst stark landscapes, complex compositions that sought to capture the true nature of the animals as they interacted and lived. His landscapes have a translucent tonal quality about them and are treated with no less energy than the animal subjects residing within them. The present example is no exception, where he draws from a light source out of picture to create an incredible glow throughout the barn where the sheep rest in the hay; their surroundings are far from pristine or nostalgic, each with somewhat dirty wool in a dusty interior. A small chicken walks along the ground towards a darker corner. Jacque’s fascination with sheep is nearly matched by his interest in fowl, of which he showed considerable interest in documenting not only anatomically but sociologically - the subject so intrigued him that he captured these observations of personality and gesture in a self-illustrated book in 1889, “Domestic Fowl”. His body of work is prolific and he was a very successful painter even in his day, spending a great deal of time in Fontainbleu where arguably his best work was produced. He was honored with the Legion d’Honneur in 1867, showed at the Paris Salon every year from 1845-1889 except for 1870-1888. He was awarded as an engraver with third-class in 1851, two rappels in 1861 and 1863, a second-class medal in 1867 and a major prize in 1889. As a painter he achieved a third-class medal in 1861, a second-class medal in 1864 and gold medal at the Exposition Universelle of 1889.
The present example is executed in oil on panel and is signed in his very distinctive script lower left “Ch. Jacque”. It remains in exquisite original condition, having been cleaned in the last decade or so; it is housed in a period composition giltwood frame lining that would appear to be of the same age as the panel.
- Popular 19th Century Painting: A Dictionary of European Genre Painters, Hook & Poltimore, 1986, p. 237, 241, 257 (one of Jacque's works illustrated)
- E. Benezit Dictionary of Artists Vol. VII, 2006, Gründ, p. 677-679
Measurements: 17” W x 13” H x 7/8” D [frame]; 15 1/8” W x 11” H [panel]
Excellent original condition; probably cleaned in the last decade. Under UV showing minimal touch ups around the hay and beside the haunches of the resting sheep. Frame lining with chipping and wear as expected.