"Faust et Marguerite", bronze sculpture | Denière
ITEM #: 001XBP28A
FINE PATINATED BRONZE GROUP OF "FAUST ET MARGUERITE" BY DENIERE
Cast by the Denier foundry, signed in base "DENIERE", circa 1860
Item # 001XBP28A
An extraordinarily well-detailed and complex casting of Marguerite and Faust signed in the base DENIERE. The superiority and quality of the model is self-evident with a flawless casting that has been intricately chiseled and chased to bring even the tiniest details fully to the surface. It is finished in a translucent brown surface patination. Note the nearly jeweler-grade chiseling in the hair of both figures, the fur collar of Faust, the finger nails and even the skin around the fingers, the cross-hatched texturing to the garments and the exquisite dagger.
This very fine work remains in impeccable original condition.
THE HOUSE OF DENIERE
Founded during the end of the 18th century by Jean-François Denière (French, 1774-1866) and his associate François-Thomas Matelin as Denière et Matelin at 58, rue de Turenne in Paris, Jean-François was a member of the Union des Fondeurs in Paris as early as 1818. They primarily produced bronze elements for a wide range of clocks, candelabras, furnishings and chandeliers, initially contracting for the most important companies of the day: Gallé, Ravrio and Thomire. Matelin left the firm in 1820 and Denière relocated the showroom to 15, rue Vivienne and the atelier at 9, rue d'Orléans in the Marais.
The House of Denière was responsible for some of the finest foundry work in 19th century, enjoying the patronage of Louis Philippe with numerous royal commissions, the foundry employing at one point four hundred artisans. His son Guillaume joined the firm and aided his father during the Exposition Universelle of 1844, after which his father retired during the same year. He also joined the Union des Fondeurs in 1847 and would act as president of the Union from 1848 through 1857. By this point the company had a firmly established reputation for excellence, which led Ferdinand Barbedienne to select Deniére to cast the works for him during the 1850s prior to establishing his own foundry.
Guillaume led the firm to exhibit at the Exposition de l'Union Centrale des Beaux-Arts Appliqués à l'Industrie in 1874 and continued to cast works for the wealthiest clientele through the end of the century.
Literature & Further Reading:
- Dictionary of Art Bronze Founders: France, 1890-1950, Lebon, 2003, English translation, p. 82
- The Founders and Editors of the Barye Bronzes, J.G. Reinis, 2007, p. 92
- Bronzes of the Nineteenth Century: Dictionary of Sculptors, Pierre Kjellberg, 1994, p. 659
- Art Bronzes, Michael Forrest, 1988, p. 474
Measurements: 22 1/2" H x 9" base diameter
Exceptional original condition. Spots of ding/abrasion under the patination.